Unruly Places

Whether you are an urban explorer or an armchair traveller, Off the Map (published in the USA as Unruly Places) and Beyond the Map will inspire and enchant. You’ll never look at a map in quite the same way again

‘A fizzingly entertaining and enlightening book’ Daily Telegraph
‘Mesmerising’ Geographical Magazine
‘A fascinating delve into uncharted, forgotten lost places. But it’s not just a trivia-tastic anthology of remote destinations but a nifty piece of psycho-geography, explaining our human need for these cartographical  conundrums.’ Wanderlust

In a world of Google Earth, in which it is easy to believe that every discovery has been made and every adventure already had, Off the Map is a stunning testament to how mysterious our planet still is. From forgotten enclaves to floating islands, from hidden villages to New York gutter spaces, Off the Map charts the hidden corners of our planet.

And while these are not necessarily places you would choose to visit on holiday – Hobyo, the pirate capital of Somalia, or Zheleznogorsk, a secret military town in Russia – they each carry a story about the strangeness of place and our need for a geography that understands our hunger for the fantastic and the unexpected. But it also shows us that topophilia, the love of place, is a fundamental part of what it is to be human.

Geography is getting stranger. Out there, fleets of new islands are under construction and micro-nations are struggling into the light. As new borders and boundaries ebb and flow with increasing speed, it feels as if our old maps are being discarded, redrawn or torn up. 

Alastair Bonnett uncovers the stories of thirty-nine extraordinary places, each of which challenges us to re-imagine the world around us. From emerging islands, disruptive enclaves and bold utopian visions to uncanny ruins, ghostly tunnels and hidden landscapes – these are destinations that lie beyond ordinary coordinates.

An engrossing look at geographical eccentricities that will be revealing for even seasoned armchair travellers.E&T

Bonnett has a flair for communicating his passion for ‘the glee and the drama, the love and the loathing’ that emanate from the earth’s most perplexing and mutable places … [His] provocative detours show us how much more we can know of the known world, if we know where to look, and how’ New York Times

Winner: ITB BuchAwards (Special travel book) 2016 (Germany). Finalist: Audie Award for Nonfiction (2015)

See Translations page for non-English language editions. Published in the USA as:

also available as an unabridged Audiobook, Tantor Audio, read by Derek Perkins, https://www.audiobooks.co.uk/audiobook/unruly-places-lost-spaces-secret-cities-and-other-inscrutable-geographies/220952

see also An Uncommon Atlas (also published as New Views)

From charting energy networks to revealing new and emerging lands, measuring human migration to assessing the planet’s ant populations – and including the phenomena we have little control over such as lightning strikes or asteroid impact – each map asks you to question, wonder and look again at our rapidly changing and often surprising world. 
 
Divided into three thematic sections: Land, Air and Sea; Human and Animal, and Globalisation, An Uncommon Atlas offers a fresh and truly global portrait of our intricately fascinating planet

2020-22 Press coverage

Fahrenheit, Rai Radio 3, 12 January 2022, https://www.raiplaysound.it/audio/2022/01/Fahrenheit-del-12012022-bc34181a-142c-476f-8380-c537abbfa9a9.html

‘Il più pazzo dei grandtour: VIAGGIO IN LUOGHI INSOLITI – Il geografo Bonnett va “Oltre le mappe”,’ 12 January 2022, il fatto quotidiano, https://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/in-edicola/articoli/2022/01/12/il-piu-pazzo-dei-grandtour/6452900/

‘Da città dei servizi a città dormitorio: il sogno tradito di Giarre e la Sicilia che non cambia’, Sicilian Post, 31 July 2021, https://www.sicilianpost.it/da-citta-dei-servizi-a-citta-dormitorio-il-sogno-tradito-di-giarre-e-la-sicilia-che-non-cambia/

‘Creadoras de ‘Fóra de mapa’: “Sabemos de escoceses ou galeses, mais pouco de arromaneses ou rutenos”, 24 April 2021, Nós Diariohttps://www.nosdiario.gal/articulo/cultura/sabemos-escoceses-galeses-mais-pouco-arromaneses-rutenos/20210423155419120148.html

‘Les últimes fronteres’, Lletraferit, Valencia Plaza 28 March 2021, https://valenciaplaza.com/les-ultimes-fronteres

 ‘Deppendorf, Einsamkeit, Pups: Kuriose Ortsnamen, die schmunzeln lassen’, Badische Zeitung, February 20, 2021, https://www.badische-zeitung.de/reise-1/von-nach-broemsenknoell-und-brasilien-liegt-an-der-ostsee–200152604.html

‘Città invisibili e cimiteri viventi: ecco i 48 luoghi ancora inesplorati’, il Giornale.it, 29 November 2020, https://www.ilgiornale.it/news/cultura/citt-invisibili-e-cimiteri-viventi-ecco-i-48-luoghi-ancora-1906301.html

Bonnett, A. ‘The World’s Most Unruly Places: Sealand’, GoNomad, 25th January 2020, https://www.gonomad.com/5627-sealand-unruly-places-alastair-bonnett

Interview, ‘Radio Di Bordo’, RAI Radio 1 (Italy), 11 January, 2020. https://www.raiplayradio.it/audio/2020/01/RADIO-DI-BORDO-953349bd-79d2-4a80-869d-c77d622fe569.html

‘Columnist joins a “micronation”’, The Ledger-Transcript, 20 November 2020,
https://www.ledgertranscript.com/arHolden-ml-111920_-37360737

‘Alla ricerca dell’insolito fra rifiuti, labirinti, deserti’, 16 November, La Stampa, https://www.lastampa.it/viaggi/2020/10/18/news/alla-ricerca-dell-insolito-fra-rifiuti-labirinti-deserti-1.39427986

‘Sealand, el insólito microestado con moneda y bandera propias sobre una plataforma marina: “Al llegar me regalaron un título de lord”’ El Mundo, 16 November 2020, https://www.elmundo.es/viajes/europa/2020/11/16/5fabfe58fc6c831c6c8b4593.htm

Passport Podcast: The World Islands in Dubai, 29 September 2020, https://pod.fo/e/9eb6e

‘38 destinos a los que no irás este verano’, Lavozdelsur.es 11 August 2020, https://www.lavozdelsur.es/38-destinos-a-los-que-no-iras-este-verano/

‘As outras xeografías’, Faro de Vigo, 11 June, 2020, https://www.farodevigo.es/faro-cultura/2020/06/11/as-outras-xeografias-15172265.html

‘Czy na Ziemi jest jeszcze coś do odkrycia? Tak! Wciąż istnieją białe plamy. Na szczęście’ ‘National Geographic Polska’, 2020, https://www.national-geographic.pl/galeria/czy-na-ziemi-jest-jeszcze-cos-do-odkrycia-tak-wciaz-istnieja-bia/poza-mapa

‘Lugares sin mapa’ en la era de Google Maps, una nueva aventura de Alastair Bonnett’, 2 March 2020 Valencia Plaza,, https://valenciaplaza.com/lugares-sin-mapa-en-la-era-de-google-maps-una-nueva-aventura-de-alastair-bonnett

‘Un libro para escapar dos mapas’, Nós Diario, 29 January 2020, https://www.nosdiario.gal/articulo/cultura/un-libro-para-escapar-dos-mapas/20200128143211090313.html

links to talks on micronations in Moscow and and St Petersburg

‘Micronations and Microstates’, Invited presentation, The Loft, St. Petersburg, 29th Nov. 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDPtq7p1Jng

‘Micronations and Microstates’, Invited presentation, The Telegraph, Moscow, 28th Nov. 2014, https://theoryandpractice.ru/videos/775-alister-bonnett-mikrogosudarstva-i-mikronatsii

Older Press Coverage

Bonnett, A. ‘El triángulo de Tokio’, Esquire [Spain], December, 2019

Bonnett, A. ‘The Bermuda Triangle in Tokyo: Ghost Tunnel at Shinjuku Station’ [東京的百慕達三角洲──「新宿站的鬼魂隧道], 28th June, 2019, niusnews [Taiwan] https://www.niusnews.com/=P1nb3m30

Bonnett, A. ‘The “finest country” in the world: The Knights of Malta’, [世界上「最細國家」——馬爾他騎士團] 28th June, 2019, The News Lens [Taiwan] https://www.thenewslens.com/article/98780

Bonnett, A. ‘A place forgotten by the map!’ [被地圖遺忘的地方] Vogue [Taiwan] 19th June 2019, https://www.vogue.com.tw/feature/content-34341

‘Plasmando la realidad, inventando la certeza: sobre “Lugares sin mapa”, de Alastair Bonnett’, 10 December 2019, The Citizen, http://thecitizen.es/literatura/lugares-sin-mapa

‘Viaje a lugares que no existen’, 28 November, 2019, eitb.eus, https://amp.eitb.eus/es/radio/radio-euskadi/programas/graffiti/detalle/6849833/lugares-mapa-viaje-lugares-no-existen-/

‘La pregunta por el lugar’, 10 November 2019, Diario de Sevilla https://www.diariodesevilla.es/delibros/lugares-sin-mapa-alastair-bonnett_0_1407759467.html

‘El deshielo del Ártico está propiciando nuevos conflictos territoriales’, 7th November 2019, Xataka Ciencia,  https://www.xatakaciencia.com/medio-ambiente/deshielo-artico-esta-propiciando-nuevos-conflictos-territoriales

‘Città segrete e isole fantasma: ecco i luoghi introvabili che non sono sulle mappe’, 21 October 2019 la Repubblica, https://video.repubblica.it/socialnews/citta-segrete-e-isole-fantasma-ecco-i-luoghi-introvabili-che-non-sono-sulle-mappe/346355/346939?refresh_ce

‘Herontdek de ontdekte wereld’ [Rediscover the discovered world] 20th October, 2019, Historiek [Netherlands],  https://historiek.net/de-ontdekte-wereld-herontdekken/48887/

‘’Lugares sin mapa’, el libro con el que cuestionarse cómo entendemos la Geografía’, 9th October, 2019, Conde Nast Traveller, https://www.traveler.es/experiencias/articulos/lugares-sin-mapa-libro-alastair-bonnett-blackie-books/16328

Interview, ‘Apple Maps’ Crimea border shift’, Global News Canada, 22 December 2019, https://globalnews.ca/news/6306941/apple-maps-crimea-statehood/

‘Vụ đắm tàu giúp bộ lạc “thấy người lạ là giết” ’ [The shipwreck helped the tribe ‘see strangers kill] Dan Viet [Vietnam]

 12th October 2018, https://danviet.vn/vu-dam-tau-giup-bo-lac-thay-nguoi-la-la-giet-biet-dung-den-kim-loai-7777937674.htm

‘The Italian Town of Giarre Dreamt Up A ‘Children’s City.’ Now It’s in Ruins’, 1st June 2019, The Daily Beast,, https://www.thedailybeast.com/the-italian-town-of-giarre-dreamt-up-a-childrens-city-now-its-in-ruins

‘Inseln, Enklaven und utopische Orte’ 15 February 2019, Deutschlandfunk Kultur, https://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/alastair-bonnett-die-allerseltsamsten-orte-der-welt-inseln.950.de.html?dram:article_id=441094

‘Off course’, The Mercury, 27 January 2019, https://themercury.com/features/books_and_writing/beyond-the-map-a-quirky-tour-of-geography/article_6768148a-2cd3-59b5-9a04-ef75fd4d54aa.html

Bonnett, A. ‘Living Underwater with Jacques Cousteau’, Lapham’s Quarterly, 17 May, 2018, https://www.laphamsquarterly.org/roundtable/living-underwater-jacques-cousteau

Interview on Lisa Valentine Show, BYU Radio, Utah, 16 October, 2018, http://www.byuradio.org/episode/d64cb059-09f4-475a-987d-52aec101dba6?playhead=3898&autoplay=true​

Interview on ‘Upfront’, KPFA [US radio station], Monday July 23 2018, https://kpfa.org/episode/upfront-july-23-2018/

Bonnett, A.’10 weird places you’ve never heard of’, Publishers’ Weekly, 13 April 2018, https://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/industry-news/tip-sheet/article/76605-10-weird-places-you-ve-never-heard-of.html

Bonnett, A. ‘Beyond the Map: Spikescapes and Wild Strawberries’, Places, April 2018, https://placesjournal.org/article/beyond-the-map-spikescapes-and-wild-strawberries/

‘Shipwrecked Hong Kong sailors’ brush with Indian island tribe that killed US missionary John Allen Cha’, 9th December 2018, South China Morning Post https://www.scmp.com/culture/article/2177003/shipwrecked-hong-kong-sailors-brush-indian-island-tribe-killed-john-allen#add-comment

‘Lieux qui n’existent pas’, 30 October 2018, rfi, https://amp.rfi.fr/fr/culture/20181030-lieux-existent-pas

‘GeoInspirations: Alastair Bonnett – Defining Geography Beyond the Map’, Directions Magazine, 5th September 2018, https://www.directionsmag.com/article/8046

‘Islands are disappearing worldwide. But a new one has formed from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano’, The Washington Post, July 18 2018, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2018/07/18/islands-are-disappearing-worldwide-but-a-new-one-has-formed-from-hawaiis-kilauea-volcano/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.2f248a991940

‘6 Questions for Alastair Bonnett’, The Chicago Blog, July 13 2018, http://pressblog.uchicago.edu/2018/07/13/7-questions-for-alastair-bonnett.html

‘Why Old Enclaves and New Islands Matter to Travelers’, New York Times, 24 May 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/24/travel/alastair-bonnett-geography-interview.html

‘New medieval geography & third cultural space: mapping the modern world’ Strelka [Moscow], 29 January 2018, http://strelka.com/en/magazine/2018/01/29/explaining-the-modern-world-through-third-cultural-spaces

‘Dünya’yı Hiç Olmadığı Gibi Görselleştiren 10 Büyüleyici Harita!’, [
10 Fascinating Maps That Visualize The World As Never Before] 2018, Webtekno, https://www.webtekno.com/dunya-yi-hic-olmadigi-gibi-gorsellestiren-10-buyuleyici-harita-h34598.html

Bonnett, A. ‘How to find a new perspective on maps’, The Big Issue, 21-27 August 2017, p.15

‘Seeing the world: Digital travel’, film profile of Alastair Bonnett, Zeiss, released December, 2017, 

‘Das Ertse’, ARD, television interview broadcast 19th November 2017, http://www.daserste.de/information/wissen-kultur/ttt/videos/ttt-19112017-menschen-mit-mission-video-100.html

‘Reality Check‘, Radio FM4, Österreichischer Rundfunk, 3rd November 2017, http://fm4.orf.at/player/20171103/RC

The Daily with Dave Hodgson, Talk Radio Europe, 26th September 2017

‘Lugares fuera del mapa’, Radio Nacional de España, 24th September 2017, http://www.rtve.es/alacarta/audios/equilibristas/equilibristas-mujer-fantastica-lugares-fuera-del-mapa-24-09-17/4238051/

‘Science Says We Care More About Places Than Things’, Condé Nast Traveller, 14 December 2017, https://www.cntraveler.com/story/science-says-we-care-more-about-places-than-things

地圖之外.書評: 完整編碼之境 [‘Outside the map. The Realm of Complete Coding’] 29th November 2017,hk01 [Hong Kong],  https://bit.ly/3dO959l

‘La disparatada ciudad belga en la que Puigdemont sería un exiliado feliz’, 11th November 2017, El Confidencial, https://www.elconfidencial.com/cultura/2017-11-01/puigdemont-belgica-exilio-indepencia-baarle-hertog_1470110/

‘Gute karten Öffnen einem die Augen’ Der Standard, 2nd November 2017, http://derstandard.at/2000067007245/Geograf-Gute-Karten-oeffnen-einem-die-Augen

‘Off the Map and Beyond’, Interalia Magazine, 33, May 2017, https://www.interaliamag.org/interviews/alastair-bonnett-off-the-map-and-beyond/

‘Dangerous Idea: The Multispecies City’, To The Best of Our Knowledge [Radio/internet show], https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dw43jvJa8_Q; first aired Published on 29 Dec 2016

Sputnik Radio (Moscow), Author interview, 9th June 2016

DRadioWissen, ‘Eine insel verschwindent von der landkarte’, 24th August 2015, http://dradiowissen.de/beitrag/seltsame-orte-eine-insel-verschwindet-von-der-landkarte

Radio National Breakfast, ABC, interview with Gregg Borschmann, 16th March, 2015

Conversations with Richard Fidler, Author interview, ABC, nationally syndicated, 6th March, 2015

Annie Hastwell, ‘The Wire’, Independent current affairs on community radio around Australia, Author interview, 3rd March, 2015

‘Off the Map’, On Art and Aesthetics, 1 December 2016, https://onartandaesthetics.com/2016/12/01/unruly-places/

‘Geschlossene Städte und Papierpaläste’ 2nd March 2016, Deutschlandfunk, https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/aussergewoehnliche-orte-geschlossene-staedte-und.700.de.html?dram:article_id=347243

‘Im Niemandsland’, Münchner Merkur 23 April, 2016

‘Vom Reisen’, Die Zeit, 21 January, 2016, https://tinyurl.com/mdkrtp4k

‘Kosmos der Wunderlichkeiten’, Sonntagsblatt, 10 January, 2016

‘Und es gibt sie doch!’, Märkische Oderzeitung, 21 November 2015

‘Vom Reisen oder So seltsam ist die Welt’, Frankenpost, 19 November, 2015

’Wenn Geografie zur Freakshow mutiert’, Tageblatt, 13 October, 2015

‘Fesselnde Orte müssen nicht schön sein’, Falter, 7 October 2015, https://issuu.com/falter.at/docs/buecherherbst_2015

’Stadt Land Stuss – so wird Geografie zur Freakshow’, Die Welt¸28 August 2015

‘Exotisch, aber attracktiv’, Münchner Merkur 18 August, 2015

‘Faszinierend’, Neue Westfälische, 15 August, 2015

‘Gibt es unentdeckte Orte auf der Welt, Herr Bonnett?’ Die Spiegel, 14 August 2015, https://www.spiegel.de/panorama/gibt-es-unentdeckte-orte-auf-der-welt-herr-bonnett-a-54425c51-0002-0001-0000-000138148072

‘Geisterstädte und verschwundene Inseln: “Wir brauchen widerspenstige Orte”’, Die Spiegel, 6 August 2015, http://www.spiegel.de/reise/aktuell/die-seltsamsten-orte-der-welt-buch-von-alastair-bonnett-a-1047031.html

’Ohne Titel’, Abendzeitung München, 5 August, 2015

‘Sachbuch über kuriose Orte’, Buchkritik, Deutschlandradio Kultur, 25 July, 2015

‘Reise zu den seltsamsten Orten der Welt’, Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger 21 July 2015

‘Wir brauchen widerspenstige Orte’, Spiegel Reise 6th July 2015, https://www.spiegel.de/reise/aktuell/die-seltsamsten-orte-der-welt-buch-von-alastair-bonnett-a-1047031.html

Poza mapą z Alastairem Bonnettem’ [In addition to the map, with Alastair Bonnett], Interia [website], June 23, 2015, http://fakty.interia.pl/tylko-u-nas/news-poza-mapa-z-alastairem-bonnettem,nId,1840365

5 шагов по созданию собственной микронации, [5 steps to create your own micronations] Apparat, December, 2014, http://apparat.cc/world/how-to-micronations/

Алистер Боннетт: «Микрогосударства и микронации» [Alastair Bonnett, Micronations and microstates], Theory and Practice, November, 2014, http://theoryandpractice.ru/seminars/73226-alister-bonnett-mikrogosudarstva-i-mikronatsii-29-11 and https://theoryandpractice.ru/posts/10150-micronations

“Find something you are good at and write about that” says Alastair Bonnett , Travelling Book Junkie, 14 October 2014, https://www.travellingbookjunkie.com/alastair-bonnett/

Interview for Esquire (Russia), November, 2014, pp.42-46. [‘Географ Алистер Боннетт объясняет, чем большие государства хуже крошечных и каксоздать собственное при помощи ржавого автомобильного двигателя’]

A VerySpatial Podcast: Episode 478: 14 September 2014: Main Topic: Alastair Bonnett, Author of Unruly Places: Lost Spaces, Secret Cities, and Other Inscrutable Geographies

‘Città invisibili LEGENDA (e altre stranezze)’, Focus, October 2014

‘Hidden in plain sight: Destinations that lie off the map’, 5 September, 2014, USA Today, https://eu.usatoday.com/picture-gallery/travel/destinations/10greatplaces/2014/09/04/hidden-in-plain-sight-destinations-that-lie-off-the-map/15071865/

‘Off the map study by Newcastle University professor highlights secret places’, The Journal, 13th August, 2014

How To Cross 5 International Borders In 1 Minute Without Sweating’, 5 August 2014, NPR [National Public Radio], Krulwich Wonders, https://www.npr.org/sections/krulwich/2014/08/05/337795842/how-to-cross-five-international-borders-in-one-minute-without-sweating

‘Explaining the Pull of the World’s ‘Unruly Places’: Alastair Bonnett on the intersection of place, identity, and imagination’,  28 July 2014, Citylab, https://www.citylab.com/equity/2014/07/explaining-the-pull-of-the-worlds-unruly-places/375008/

‘Unruly Places: Alastair Bonnett explores a feral world untamed by geography’, Atlas Obscura, 21 July, 2014

‘Le città invisibili che esistono solo su Google Maps’, La Repubblica, 10th July, 2014

‘North Korea’s creepy fake civilian village’, 8 July 2014, boingboing, https://boingboing.net/2014/07/08/north-koreas-creepy-fake-civ.html

‘Siri, where am I?’, Washington Post 10 July, 2014

‘Exploring the odd and unexpected’ New York Times 8th July, 2014

Secret cities, lost isles & pirate landsThe Daily Beast, 8th July 2014

‘Charting the last wild places on the planet’, Men’s Journal (USA), 9th July 2014

 ‘Maps and their makers … and the pretence of objectivity’, The National (Abu Dhabi) 19th July, 2014

‘Wioska propagandowa w Korei Północnej’ [A propaganda village in North Korea] na:Temet [Poland] 11th July 2014, https://natemat.pl/109533,propagandowa-wioska-w-korei-polnocnej-niewielka-osada-ma-160-metrowy-maszt-z-wielka-flaga#

Bonnett, A. 2014 ‘Oh the place you’ll go’ Hemispheres Magazine, July 6th, p.26

Bonnett, A. 2014 ‘Writer’s reads’ Geographical Magazine, June p.59

Bonnett, A. 2014 ‘The land no man would claim’, Outside, July 18th https://www.outsideonline.com/1924636/land-no-man-would-claim

Radio Moscow, Author interview, 28th Nov. 2014

National Public Radio, New Zealand, Author interview, 13th November, 2014

Doug Fabrizio, RadioWest (Salt Lake City), Author interview,  6th November, 2014

‘The Digital Human’, Contribution to programme, ‘Abandon’, BBC Radio 4, 27th October 2014

BBC Radio Newcastle, Author interview, 28th August, 2104.

‘Think’, KERA Public Radio, Author interview, 18th August 2014

Sirius XM “Bob Edwards”, Author interview, 6th August, 2014.

WMJI 105.7-FM (Cleveland), Author interview, 5th August 2014

‘To the Best of Our Knowledge’, Wisconsin Public Radio, Author interview, 4th August 2014

Frommer’s Travel Radio, Author interview, 12th July 2014

‘Tommy Schnurmacher Show’, CJAD (Canada), Author interview, 8th July, 2014

National Public Radio (USA) Author interview, first broadcast July 5, 2014

National Geographic Weekend Radio (USA) (July 2014) Author interview

‘Future Tense’, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Author interview (recorded June, 2014)

‘The Forum’, BBC World Service (first broadcast 12 April, 2014)

Newstalk, Author interview (Ireland) (May, 2014)

Monocle Radio, Author interview (May, 2014)

‘Walking with Attitude’, 2011(first broadcast 03/12/11) BBC Radio 3

Bonnett, A. 2014 ‘The Archaeological Park of Sicilian Incompletion: My surreal trek through unfinished Italy’ The Atlantic, July 7th

Bonnett, A. 2014 Unruly Places serialised in Orion Magazine May/June; July/August

Bonnett, A. 2014 ‘The world’s most fascinating abandoned cities’ Huffington Post, first posted 9th July.

Bonnett, A. 2014 ‘North Korea’s creepy fake civilian village fools no one’, BoingBoing, first posted 8th July 2014

Bonnett, A. 2014 ‘Alastair Bonnett’s Unruly Places’, The 99 Test, first posted 9th July 2014